Metallurgical Engineering as a Career Option

The domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behaviour of metallic elements is termed as Metallurgical Engineering. The following post explores the domain of Metallurgical Engineering.

Metallurgical Engineering as Career option

Engineering as a principal is spreading its branches and new multidisciplinary subjects are being introduced every day. One such newly introduced and gradually growing branch is Metallurgical Engineering. This is a broad field which deals with all metal related areas, their physical and chemical structure. People are gaining interest in such varied subjects and the Metallurgical sector is also growing vast in turn.

Among many newly introduced and popular engineering course is Metallurgical engineering. This is broad group, but is roughly divided into two groups. The scope of metallurgical engineering is also varied and job prospects are also ample. Here is a detailed analysis of the subject.

What is Metallurgical Engineering?

Metallurgy is mainly a branch of engineering and material science. This is that group of engineering, which is concerned with the chemical and physical behavior of elements made of metal. The inter-metallic compounds of a metallic subject and mixtures of metals known as alloys also falls in the class of this discipline. It also deals with the technology of metals that is the science of metal production. The engineering of metal components which is used in day to day goods made by the manufacturers for the consumers also comes under the broad group of metallurgy.

Metallurgy can be further subdivided into two groups, namely ferrous metallurgy and non- ferrous metallurgy. Knowing the properties of alloys which are based on iron, fall under the group of ferrous metallurgy. On the other hand the properties of alloys which are based on material other than iron comes under non-ferrous metallurgy. 95% of world’s metal productions are ferrous metals. Ferrous metallurgy is also known as black metallurgy.

Elements of Metallurgical Engineering

This is a broad field of study which generally deals with metal related areas. This broad field can be sub-divided into three main groups namely, physical metallurgy, extractive metallurgy and mineral processing. Physical metallurgy is mainly a problem solving branch. Different manufacturing and construction needs different types of metallic alloys. This group deals with the selection of alloys. Extractive metallurgy deals with the process of extracting metals form an ore. Gathering mineral products from the crust of the Earth is what mineral processing is concerned about.

A student pursuing Metallurgical Engineering as a major subject will be taught about the detail of all these groups. The basics of engineering are also taught as a general paper. A metallurgical engineer needs to have sound knowledge about the production, designing and manufacturing of mineral products and metals. This is an exciting as well as a rewarding career.

Colleges offering a degree in Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical engineering as a branch of study is gaining popularity day by day. Numerous colleges are there who offers both undergraduate and post graduate degree in this field. Some also offer a major. Many engineering colleges offer you an opportunity to participate in an educational program with metallurgical firms in a semester. Such cooperative jobs or internship programs become full time jobs later. You need to crack some entrance exams in order to take admission in such an engineering college.

One of the top colleges offering this field of study is IIT, Kharagpur. Other popular colleges are IIT, Madras, IIT Bombay, Jadavpur University in Kolkata, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technology in Hyderabad, Alpha College of engineering in Chennai, Asia Pacific Institute of Technology in Haryana, Bhubaneswar engineering College in Orissa, National Institute of Technology in Durgapur, MVJ College of Engineering in Bangalore and some other.
Students need to appear for engineering entrance examinations like IIT-JEE, KCET, and WBJEE.

Job and Salary Structure

Job prospects after studying this group of engineering are ample. Many companies are there in India who is involved in metallurgical business. Many steel companies are there who offers job to metallurgical engineering students and material science students. The key responsibilities include refining and extraction of metals, characterization, processing of metals and determining their property-structure relationship. Some top companies offering jobs are the Steel authority of India Limited, Jindal steel and Power Limited, Tata Steel, Ispat Industries Ltd. Many government organizations like DRDO, ISRO and the railways are also there who offers jobs for metallurgical engineers. Average salary of a metallurgical engineer is 3.0 lakhs per annum. With experience the salary package can go up to INR 10 to 15 lakhs.

Future Prospects

Though many non-metallic materials are replacing metallic materials, but numerous new trends are emerging in metallurgical research. Experts are of the opinion that the need for steels, alloys of copper, aluminum, nickel and various other minerals are going to increase in the near future in spite of such replacement. Extraction of heavy metals requires man power as well as large quantities of water. For this reason the demand for metallurgical engineering students are always high in both governmental as well as private organizations.

Author Bio:

A professional writer and an ardent blogger, Sampurna Majumder has been lending her knowhow to prominent websites like by penning articles and blog posts on popular courses, educational trends and institutes like these. The above post throws light on Metallurgical Engineering as a career option. 

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