An Overview - Career in Human Resource Management
With the advent of globalization, Human Resource Management has emerged as a potential field of career opportunity. Read the following article to know more about opportunities in Human Resource Management
Human Resource Management – an Overview
The set of individuals who comprise the workforce of the business segment, organizations or an economy is termed as Human Resources. In other words, the professional discipline and the business category that oversees the functioning of the human resources of an organization, is referred to as Human Resource Management.
If analyzed from the perspective of organizations, employees are viewed as an asset to the enterprise whole values are to be enhanced by the organization to be developed. Human resource management on the other hand refers to the management (HRM) of an organizations workforce. HRM is responsible for a plethora of activities comprising – allure, selection, training, valuation and rewarding of employees. It also oversees organizational aspects like culture and leadership.
Today, the erstwhile administrator mode is a thing of passé. The HR manager in an organization today has to juggle multidimensional challenges. Their job involves dealing with business partners, operational and administrative experts, and both employer and employee advocates. Several new measures still continue to emerge in the accountability of Human Resources. An HR Manager is responsible for charting out results that are well-defined and tangible. It must be noted that these days, many companies prefer outsourcing the administration part of the HR. Important issues like Talent Management and allied functions are dealt with by HR the managers.
Human Resources as a Profession
As a profession, HRM deals with all levels of employees within an organization. Since these days the importance of employees in an organization has increased manifold, HR exercises have become equally important. Workforces within an organization need to be skilled, well-trained and obviously highly-motivated staff are required for the all-round growth of an organization. This is the major reason why HRM has become a vital function in both profit-making as well as non-profit making organizations.
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The major tasks performed by a HR manager include the following:
- Selecting, screening and interviewing candidates
- Developing job profiles
- Administering and monitoring tests
- Conducting background checks of potential employees
- Conducting training is another significant job of a HR Manager
In fact, HRM is all about managing people with technique at a workplace.
Initially, courses in human resource management began as a part of specializations in Social Work programmes. It was much later that HRM was separated from the domain of social work an introduced in the mainstream management course. Interestingly, HRM cannot be taught only in a classroom through text books. Exposure is very essential in this segment and otherwise requires a lot of personal experience. These help in handling the major resources of business administration.
Earlier, the profession of HRM was considered male dominated. However, with the passage of time, it has gone on to become increasingly women-friendly.
In order to become a HR Manager, the basic qualifications required is MBA in Human Resource Management.
Some of the exclusive courses on HRM include the following:
- Post Graduate Diploma in Human Resource Management (PGDHRM)
- Post Graduate Diploma in Human Resource Development (PGDHRD)
- Master of Human Resource Management (MHRM)
- Master of Human Resource and Organizational Development (MHROD)
In most of the cases, a specialization in MBA is offered in HRM. The basic eligibility criterions for applying to these courses are graduation in any discipline. Some institutes have their own percentage criterion. The master’s programmes are of two-year’ duration whereas the Post Graduate Diploma courses usually span 1 year. Admissions to these courses are based on aptitude tests followed by a Group Discussion and Interview. For the rest, the selection procedures may vary depending upon the institute and also its reputation. Several B-Schools in the country offer MBA programs in HRM and most of them take into consideration scores secured in competitive exams such as CAT, XAT and MAT. Students can choose from top MBA Colleges in Mumbai,Delhi, Kolkata and other Indian cities. Some institutes conduct their own entrance examinations.
In an MBA course, the specialization with HRM is usually offered in the second year of the curriculum. Compared to the specialization in MBA, MHRM is a complete two-year programme on Human Resources.
However, a mere degree in HRM is not enough to ensure success. Certain personal skills are required to succeed in this field. These require good communication and interpersonal skills. This is because HRMs act as mediators between employers and employees. Other than that, HR managers require a lot of patience as it requires a lot of involvement with people in general, flexibility and the ability to gel with all types of people.
Leadership qualities and the ability to manage time are some of the skills required by a HR Manager. HR Managers must have good organizational skills and they should be able to motivate others and make them work as a team. A good HR manager should be successful in gaining the confidence of others.
Graduates and Postgraduates in Human Resources have a lot of potential and almost every organization requires these professionals in order to maintain their workforce.
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Remunerations of HR professionals vary depending upon the economic activity, organization and definitely experience. Freshers can earn anywhere between INR 12000 -20000 per month. With experience this can go up to INR 40000 a month or even more than that. HR consultancies also pay lump sum amount of money to HR personnel.
A follower of the latest trends in education in India, Sampurna Majumder has been lending her expertise to the leading educational website Shiksha.com by writing articles and blog posts on the current educational trends in India such as these.